5 SPECIES OF RHINO

There are five species of rhino: white rhino, black rhino, Sumatran rhino, greater one horned rhino (or Indian rhino) and Javan rhino. Due to the demand for rhino horn from Asian countries including Vietnam and China driving an unprecedented level of rhino poaching and loss of rhino habitat, all rhinoceros are facing the very real possibility of extinction, with the black, Sumatran and Javan rhinos listed as critically endangered by the IUCN.

Below are some key rhino facts with more information on a dedicated page for each of the five rhino species. This information about rhinos will help you get to know more about these iconic animals.

 

WHITE RHINO

(Ceratotherium simum)

AFRICA

Africa's largest species of rhino, also known as the 'square lipped rhino'

IUCN Status: Near Threatened

Population: 20,000 to 22,000

Habitat: Grassland and savanna

Weight: 1,800kg to 2,700kg

Distribution: South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Kenya, Uganda

 

More About White Rhinos

 

BLACK RHINO

(Diceros bicornis)

AFRICA

Africa's smallest species of rhino, also known as the 'hook lipped rhino'

IUCN Status: Critically endangered

Population: 5,000 to 5,500

Habitat: Tropical grassland, Shrublands, deserts 

Weight: 900kg to 1,400kg

Distribution: South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Kenya

 

More About Black Rhinos

 

GREATER ONE HORNED RHINO

(Rhinoceros unicornis)

ASIA

Asia's largest species of rhino, also known as the 'Indian rhino'

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

Population: 3,300 - 3,600

Habitat: Tropical grassland, shrublands, savanna 

Weight: 1,800kg to 2,700kg

Distribution: India, Nepal

 

More About GOH Rhinos

 

SUMATRAN RHINO

(Diceohinus sumatrensis)

ASIA

Closest living relative to the wooly rhinos. Only species to still be covered in hair.

IUCN Status: Critically Endangered

Population: Less than 100

Habitat: Tropical and subtropical forests 

Weight: 550kg to 1,000kg

Distribution: Sumatra, Sabah

 

More About Sumatran Rhinos

 

JAVAN RHINO

(Rhinoceros sondaicus)

ASIA

All Javan rhinos in the world survive in Ujong Kulon National Park.

IUCN Status: Critically Endangered

Population: 67

Habitat: Tropical and subtropical forests 

Weight: 900kg to 2,300kg

Distribution: Sumatra, Sabah

 

More About Javan Rhinos