Greater One Horned Rhino

Also known as the Indian rhino, the Greater One Horned rhino is one of the three rhino species found in Asia. Like their African cousin, the white rhino, the Greater One Horned rhino has enjoyed a boost to their population in recent years. It is estimated that as few as 200 individuals existed in the wild in the early 1900’s. Thanks to a concerted conservation effort their current population is thought to be around 3,333.

The Greater One Horned rhino is a grazer and can often be found in grasslands and wetlands. They will often spend up to 60% of the day wallowing in water and are quite accustomed to feeding under water.

General Greater One Horned Rhino facts:

Scientific name:
Rhinoceros unicornis
Average weight:
1,800 to 2,700 kg
Height at shoulder:
1.75 to 2 meters (5.75 to 6.5 ft)
Length (head & body):
3 to 3.8 meters (10 to 12.5 ft)
Horn length:
20cm to 60cm
Lifespan:
40 to 50 years
Speed:
Up to 40km per hour (25mph)
Social behaviour:
Females often live in a group, known as a ‘crash’. Males are solitary.
IUCN conservation status:
Vulnerable

Reproduction:

Gestation:
15 to 16 months
Birth intervals per calf:
1 to 3 years
Female sexual maturity:
5 to 7 years
Male sexual maturity:
10 years
Calves weaned:
18 months

Distribution:

Wild population:
3,300 to 3,600
Range:
India and Nepal

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