Javan Rhino

The Javan rhino is one of the three rhino species found in Asia, they are the most endangered of all the five species of rhino.  On 16th August 2021 Indonesia's Ministry of Environment and Forestry announced the birth of two more rhino calves bringing the total to as few as 75 surviving in the wild today. Extinction for the Javan rhino is a very real possibility.

Protection of the last remaining population at Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia is having a good degree of success with no poaching incidents reported since 2005. Javan rhinos possess a single horn 10 in (25 cm) long, at least in males; females have a smaller or no horn. 

The Javan rhino spends large periods of the day wallowing in water holes and mud baths. Their long upper lip is very distinctive and allows the Javan rhino to browse on trees, twigs and leaves, although they do also graze on open grassland too.

General Javan rhino facts:

Scientific name:
Rhinoceros sondaicus
Indonesian Javan rhino:
Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus
Vietnamese Javan rhino (extinct since 2011):
Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus
Average weight:
900 to 2,300kg
Height at shoulder:
1.5 to 1.7 meters (5 to 5.5 ft)
Length (head & body):
2 to 4 meters (6 to 11.5 ft)
Horn length:
30 to 45 years
Up to 48km per hour (30mph)
Social behaviour:
IUCN conservation status:
Critically Endnagered


16 months
Birth intervals per calf:
2 to 3 years
Female sexual maturity:
4 to 5 years
Male sexual maturity:
6 years
Calves weaned:
2 year


Wild population:

help protect rhinos in their natural habitat



can help pay for

Essential food and medication for a rhino orphan



can help pay for

Community programmes that improve livelihoods



can help pay for

 Training of anti-poaching teams and tracking dogs


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