The Sumatran rhino is one of the three rhino species found in Asia. Their population is said to have declined by about 50% since the late 1990’s. Their decline, like all other species of rhino, is due to poaching for their horn but the Sumatran rhino is also suffering due to loss of habitat. Their natural habitat is being destroyed and developed for palm oil plantations.

Unfortunately for the Sumatran rhino, their habitat is very close to China, one of the main destinations, along with Vietnam, for creating a demand for rhino horn.

The Sumatran rhino is a browser and some of their favourite food is leaves, plant tips, twigs and fruits.

The Sumatran is the smallest and hairiest of all the surviving rhinos.  It is said to be the closest living relative to the now extinct woolly rhino.

 

General Sumatranrhino facts:

Scientific Name:

Diceohinus sumatrensis

Sub-species

Wetsren Sumatran rhino:

Diceohinus sumatrensis sumatrensis

Eastern Sumatran rhino             (aka Borneo rhino):

Diceohinus sumatrensis harrissoni

Northern Sumatran rhino (possibly extinct):

Diceohinus sumatrensis lasiotis

Average Weight:

600kg to 950kg

Height at shoulder:

1 to 1.5 meters (3 to 5 ft)

Length (head & body):

2 to 3 meters (6.5 to 9.5 ft)

Front horn length:

25cm to 78cm

Rear horn length:

7.5cm

Lifespan:

30 to 45 years

Speed:

Up to 40km per hour (28mph)

Social Behaviour:

Solitary

IUCN conservation status:

Critically Endangered

 

Reproduction

Gestation:

15 to 16 months

Birth intervals per calf:

3 to 4 years

Female sexual maturity:

6 to 7 years

Male sexual maturity:

10 years

Calves weaned:

16 to 18 months

 

Distribution

Wild Population:

Less than 100

Range:

Indonesia and Malaysia